[ti:Iran Bans Teaching of English in Primary Schools] [by:www.51voa.com] [00:00.00]更多听力请访问51VOA.COM [00:01.56]Iranian officials have banned the teaching of English in primary schools. [00:09.28]Mehdi Navid-Adham, chief of Iran's High Education Council, [00:15.32]informed state television of the ban last Saturday. [00:21.24]The move came after Islamic leaders warned [00:25.33]that early learning of the English language [00:28.44]has led to a Western "cultural invasion". [00:33.32]"Teaching English in government and non-government primary schools [00:38.00]in the official curriculum is against laws and regulations," Navid-Adham said. [00:45.56]He added that the government may also stop non-curriculum English classes. [00:52.68]The reasoning, Navid-Adham said, is that the groundwork, [00:57.04]or basis, of Iranian culture should be taught to young children. [01:02.66]In Iran, English language training is usually offered in middle school, [01:10.00]to students from 12 to 14 years of age. [01:15.12]However, in some primary schools, [01:18.60]students may begin taking English classes at younger ages. [01:24.72]Some Iranian children also attend foreign language classes [01:30.04]at private education centers after normal school hours. [01:36.32]Iran's Islamic leaders have often warned about the dangers of "cultural invasion." [01:44.80]In 2016, Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei voiced concern [01:51.67]over the "teaching of the English language spreading to nursery schools". [01:58.20]In a speech to teachers, Khamenei said that his concern, [02:03.20]"Does not mean opposition to learning a foreign language, [02:07.44]but (this is the) promotion of a foreign culture [02:11.52]in the country and among children, young adults and youths." [02:17.24]Khamenei accused Western countries of promoting their cultures [02:21.72]with Iranian youth as a way of expanding their influence in Iran, [02:27.24]according to his office's website. [02:31.08]In the same speech, he urged Iranians to spend more time and money [02:37.00]on the teaching of the Persian language, instead of English. [02:42.64]Last Saturday, Navid-Adham told state television [02:46.96]that government officials want to strengthen "Persian language skills [02:51.84]and Iranian Islamic culture at the primary school stage." [02:57.40]He added that it would now be against the law to teach English [03:01.77]at the primary school level, [03:04.00]either during or outside of normal school hours. [03:09.80]The Reuters news agency reported that in the past, [03:13.76]other languages have also been targeted by Iranian officials. [03:18.84]In 2017, Iran's intelligence agency [03:22.97]banned the publication of a Kurdish-language instruction book. [03:28.56]In his announcement, Navid-Adham did not link [03:32.32]the new language education rules to recent anti-government protests. [03:38.20]Iran's Revolutionary Guards have blamed foreign enemies for the unrest. [03:45.28]A video dealing with the announcement of the ban [03:49.12]was widely shared on social media on Sunday. [03:53.36]A number of Iranians have jokingly called it "The filtering of English." [03:58.64]Some compare it to the blocking of the popular app Telegram [04:03.32]by the government during the protests. [04:06.92]I'm Phil Dierking. 更多听力请访问51VOA.COM