[ti:How Will You 'Ring in the New Year?'] [by:www.51voa.com] [00:00.00]更多听力请访问51VOA.COM [00:07.76]Hello and welcome to the VOA Learning English program [00:11.94]Words and Their Stories. [00:14.44]Everyone around the world [00:18.00]celebrates the New Year differently and at different times. [00:22.68]Most people in the U.S. celebrate it on January 1. [00:28.00]But they may also observe New Year traditions [00:31.33]from other religions or cultures. [00:34.92]For example, many Asian cultures celebrate the Lunar New Year. [00:40.76]This date changes from year to year. [00:44.92]The date of the Islamic New Year also changes from year to year. [00:51.08]And in India, each religious group [00:54.12]has its own date for the beginning of the year. [00:58.24]For example, the Hindu New Year comes in April or May. [01:05.16]No matter when you celebrate the New Year, [01:07.84]it usually involves thinking about the past year [01:11.60]and planning for the year ahead. [01:15.72]People have many different ways of ringing out the old [01:19.40]and ringing in the new. [01:22.40]But why are bells linked to the calendar change? [01:28.00]In the Christian and Buddhist religions, [01:31.28]bells are often connected with the New Year. [01:35.56]The website CatholicCulture.org explains [01:39.04]that "bells serve as a beautiful symbol introducing a new year [01:44.48]to be spent together as a community of families ..." [01:50.16]Another website describes how bells are used in Japan on New Year's Eve. [01:57.40]"As midnight approaches, Buddhist temples around the country [02:02.04]begin ringing out the old year, sounding the temple bell 108 times." [02:09.44]Each ring of the bell stands for each of the earthly desires [02:14.42]a Buddhist must try to overcome -- all 108 of them! [02:20.48]Even those who aren't religious but are a little superstitious, [02:25.56]may ring bells at the stroke of midnight on New Year's Eve to scare off bad luck. [02:32.96]These age-old traditions have given us the phrase [02:36.80]"to ring out the old and ring in the new." [02:41.12]The English poet Alfred Lord Tennyson (1809-1892) [02:43.92]made the phrase popular with his poem [02:46.68]"In Memoriam [Ring Out, Wild Bells]." [02:51.28]In this poem, Tennyson rings out, or says farewell to, the bad, [02:57.16]and he rings in, or says hello, to the good. [03:01.81]Tennyson wrote this poem for Arthur Henry Hallam. [03:07.00]The two students met at Cambridge University [03:10.16]and quickly became best friends, [03:12.76]both showing great promise as writers. [03:16.84]Hallam helped Tennyson publish volumes of his poetry in 1830 and 1832. [03:25.40]The friends almost became family [03:28.20]when Hallam became engaged to the poet's sister, Emily. [03:33.32]However, before they could wed, [03:35.68]Hallam died of a brain hemorrhage. [03:39.32]He was only twenty-two years old. [03:43.08]To remember his good friend, [03:45.04]Tennyson wrote the poem "In Memoriam." [03:48.44]He also named one of his two sons Hallam. [03:52.36]Here is Jonathan Evans reading the first part of that poem. [04:00.32]Ring out, wild bells, to the wild sky, [04:04.32]The flying cloud, the frosty light: [04:07.00]The year is dying in the night; [04:09.36]Ring out, wild bells, and let him die. [04:13.28]Ring out the old, ring in the new, [04:16.52]Ring, happy bells, across the snow: [04:19.32]The year is going, let him go; [04:22.00]Ring out the false, ring in the true. [04:26.76]Ring out the grief that saps the mind [04:29.96]For those that here we see no more; [04:32.48]Ring out the feud of rich and poor, [04:34.92]Ring in redress to all mankind. [04:39.00]Ring out a slowly dying cause, [04:41.72]And ancient forms of party strife; [04:44.28]Ring in the nobler modes of life, [04:46.56]With sweeter manners, purer laws. [04:49.84]Thanks, Jonathan. [04:53.28]And thank you, our listeners, [04:55.27]for the time you have spent reading and listening [04:58.58]to Words and Their Stories these past twelve months. [05:02.68]We here at VOA Learning English [05:05.40]wish all of you a happy start to the New Year. [05:09.92]For the New Year, [05:13.00]what do you plan to ring in? [05:15.96]Also in the coming New Year, [05:18.04]what words, expressions or phrases [05:21.18]would you like to learn more about? [05:23.76]Let us know in the Comments Sections. [05:26.72]I'm Anna Matteo. [05:28.88]All of those who are hither and yonder [05:34.20]With love in our hearts [05:37.24]We grow fonder and fonder [05:40.44]Hail to those who we hold so dear [05:45.45]And hail to those who are gathered here [05:50.76]And a happy new year to all that is living [05:59.04]To all that is gentle, young, and forgiving