[ti:WHO: 10 Percent of Drugs in Developing Countries Are Fake] [by:www.51voa.com] [00:00.00]更多听力请访问51VOA.COM [00:00.04]The World Health Organization (WHO) says one of every 10 medicines [00:05.92]sold in developing countries is either fake or of poor quality. [00:12.80]In a report this week, WHO officials said fake or substandard drugs [00:21.00]are to blame for tens of thousands of children dying. [00:26.38]These deaths could be easily prevented, officials said. [00:32.80]Trying to understand the problem, experts looked at 100 studies, [00:39.20]all of which were completed between 2007 and 2016. [00:46.36]The studies examined use of more than 48,000 drugs. [00:53.48]The experts found that 10.5 percent of the drugs [00:59.45]were not what they appeared to be. [01:03.04]Drugs for treating malaria and bacterial infections [01:09.00]were responsible for nearly 65 percent of the fake medicines. [01:15.28]A statement from WHO chief Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus [01:22.36]was released with the report. [01:24.82]He asked people to imagine a mother who uses her money [01:30.76]for medicine instead of food and then sees her child die [01:36.64]because the medicine was of poor quality or falsified. [01:43.13]"This is unacceptable," he said. [01:47.52]Poor countries spend about $300 billion a year for medications. [01:55.32]WHO officials said that means the fake drug industry [02:01.87]is worth of an estimated $30 billion. [02:07.30]The London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine estimates that [02:13.72]116,000 people die each year from fake anti-malaria medication [02:21.80]in African countries south of the Sahara Desert. [02:26.32]In 2013, WHO officials launched a worldwide system [02:33.24]for following fake and compromised drugs. [02:37.85]It has received reports about nearly 1,500 problematic medicines, [02:46.23]including drugs for the heart, diabetes, fertility, mental health and cancer. [02:56.00]WHO also noted problems with fake vaccines for diseases such as yellow fever. [03:05.69]WHO believes the examples of fake medicine it found [03:12.00]are only "a small fraction" of the real problem [03:16.51]because many fake drugs are not reported. [03:20.40]Officials credited the system with saving the lives [03:25.29]of more than 20 children in Paraguay. [03:28.79]Tests showed the children had swallowed a contaminated drug. [03:35.08]The drug was in a cough medicine that had killed 60 people [03:40.28]in Pakistan just a few months earlier. [03:44.25]I'm Susan Shand. 更多听力请访问51VOA.COM