[ti:IOC Suspends Russia from 2018 Olympics] [by:www.51voa.com] [00:00.00]更多听力请访问51VOA.COM [00:01.88]The International Olympic Committee, or IOC, [00:06.36]has banned Russia from the Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang, South Korea. [00:12.37]Some Russian athletes, however, can participate in the games [00:18.20]as an "Olympic Athlete from Russia", or OAR. [00:23.88]The IOC found "systemic manipulation of the anti-doping rules and system in Russia." [00:31.72]Doping refers to the illegal use of a drug [00:35.88](such as a steroid) to improve an athlete's performance. [00:41.32]Russian officials have denied any state involvement in the doping of athletes. [00:48.36]This is the first time in Olympic history [00:51.72]that the IOC has suspended a country for doping. [00:56.20]The IOC had banned countries from the Olympics before, [01:01.44]including Germany, South Africa, India, and Kuwait. [01:06.96]Previous suspensions were for acts of war, state-sponsored discrimination, [01:12.84]or failure to meet Olympic charter requirements. [01:17.16]The IOC has also stripped eleven medals, [01:21.08]out of 33, won by Russian athletes in the Sochi Olympics. [01:27.28]Russian athletes can still compete in the upcoming February Olympics [01:32.96]– if they meet certain conditions. [01:36.32]A panel must approve the athlete's invitation to the Olympics. [01:41.52]The athlete must have a clean record and meet strict testing requirements. [01:48.16]Once approved for participation, [01:51.04]the athletes will compete in a uniform that carries the OAR name. [01:57.12]The Olympic anthem, instead of the Russian national anthem, [02:01.72]will be played during ceremonies. [02:04.88]Russian President Vladimir Putin has previously called [02:09.03]such conditions "a humiliation" to Russia. [02:13.08]He has suggested that his country's athletes [02:16.72] would not agree to compete in Pyeongchang under such circumstances. [02:22.52]However, at the International Association of Athletics Federations [02:27.91]world championships in London in August, [02:31.32]19 Russian track-and-field athletes did compete under similar circumstances. [02:38.64]On December 4, Russian presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov [02:44.00]said that Russia was not considering a boycott of the Winter Olympics. [02:49.96]Whether the Russian government's position will change [02:53.16] following today's announcement remains to be seen. [02:57.52] I'm John Russell. [02:59.04]更多听力请访问51VOA.COM