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957 chain reaction

今天我跟侄女吃午饭,我一点也没想到她最近的情形。大约一年前,她才知道自己家附近要建一条高速公路。在这之后,出于对噪音和交通堵塞的考虑当地很多人陆续开始卖房子。房价不断下跌,导致她家周围的邻居也开始考虑搬家。这种情况让我想到一句习惯用语,那就是: chain reaction.

Chain是索链的意思,reaction,反应。两个词连起来,chain reaction, 就是连锁反应。这就是我侄女社区发生的情形, the news of a soon-to-be built highway in their backyards caused a chain reaction. 社区后面即将修建高速公路的消息引发了连锁反应。

人们开始卖房,导致房价进一步下跌,让还留在那里的人忧心忡忡。真是个连锁反应!

下面这个例子里的主人公在晚饭时间经历的连锁反应简直就是个灾难! 让我们来听听到底发生了什么:

例句-1:When lightning struck an old oak tree in my yard, it crashed down on the power line. That knocked out my electricity, which prevented me from cooking. As a result, I had to call up my friends and cancel my dinner party! It was a chain reaction I never expected.

这段话是说: 闪电击中了我院子里的一颗橡树,橡树拉倒了电线。于是我家停电了,我也没法做晚饭了。我不得不逐一给朋友打电话,取消晚餐聚会! 我完全没有料到这场连锁反应。

不过有时候连锁反应也会有好事。我跟我男朋友相遇的故事就是这样。本来要去约会的对象生病了,所以女友约我一起去看电影。她去停车的时候,我排队买票。一个小偷企图偷我的钱包,但是站在我后面的男人阻止了他。这场连锁反应的结局是,我找到了我的另一半!

*******

昨天,我去吃了华盛顿最有名的"cupcake"。这种叫做杯子蛋糕的小甜点现在在美国非常流行,很多地方都有杯子蛋糕店陆续开张。让我们来听听下面这个经济记者是怎么说的:

例句-2:Unlike something big and expensive, a cupcake is a small treat anyone can afford. That idea helped launch a few cupcake shops in places like New York City. More shops soon opened across the country. Then came recipe books and TV competition shows...Who knew that a simple dessert would start a chain reaction?

这段话是说: 与一些很大很贵的东西不同,杯子蛋糕是每个人都吃得起的东西。纽约等城市因此出现了几家杯子蛋糕店。此后,全国各地陆续出现了很多杯子蛋糕店。接着又出现了各种杯子蛋糕食谱和电视竞赛节目。谁能料到这么一个普通的饭后甜点会导致一连串的连锁反应呢?

确实是这样。我去的那家最有名的华盛顿杯子蛋糕店都成为旅游景点了! 人们不惜花时间排长队来尝一尝这些杯子蛋糕。

mr007