1. VOA Standard English
  2. VOA Standard English Archives
  1. Technology Report
  2. This is America
  3. Science in the News
  4. Health Report
  5. Education Report
  6. Economics Report
  7. American Mosaic
  8. In the News
  9. American Stories
  10. Words And Their Stories
  11. Trending Today
  12. AS IT IS
  13. Everyday Grammar
  14. America's National Parks
  15. America's Presidents
  16. Agriculture Report
  17. Explorations
  18. The Making of a Nation
  19. People in America
  1. Learning English Videos
  2. English in a Minute
  3. English @ the Movies
  4. News Words
  5. Everyday Grammar TV
  1. Bilingual News
  2. English in a Minute
  3. Learn A Word
  4. How to Say it
  5. Business Etiquette
  6. Words And Idioms
  7. American English Mosaic
  8. Popular American
  9. Sports English
  10. Go English
  11. Wordmaster
  12. American Cafe
  13. Intermediate American Enlish

Can Trump’s Non-Diplomatic Team Make Progress in Middle East?


23 June, 2017
U.S. President Donald Trump is taking a new approach in trying to get Israel and the Palestinians to sign a peace deal. He sent two negotiators with no international diplomatic experience to meet with both sides. The team that traveled to Jerusalem and the West Bank was led by Jared Kushner, Trump's son-in-law and senior aide. Also taking part was Jason Greenblatt, an assistant to the president in charge of international negotiations. Kushner, 36, is a former New York real estate businessman and newspaper publisher. Greenblatt also has a background in real estate. For many years, he also worked as the chief lawyer in the Trump Organization. In that position, he oversaw large business deals for the company. For the past 50 years, the United Nations and many U.S. presidents have tried – but failed – to bring about lasting peace in the Middle East.
Palestinian Prime Minister Mahmoud Abbas, U.S. President George W. Bush, Israel's Prime Minister Ariel Sharon and Jordan's King Abdullah walk to the podium for their final statement at the end of a summit in Aqaba, June 4, 2003.
Palestinian Prime Minister Mahmoud Abbas, U.S. President George W. Bush, Israel's Prime Minister Ariel Sharon and Jordan's King Abdullah walk to the podium for their final statement at the end of a summit in Aqaba, June 4, 2003.
These efforts included many rounds of negotiations involving Israeli and Palestinian officials. Experienced diplomats and international negotiators led the talks, including former British Prime Minister Tony Blair, former World Bank president James Wolfensohn and longtime diplomat Dennis Ross. The first major success in Arab-Israeli peace talks came in 1978, under the leadership of U.S. President Jimmy Carter. Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin signed the Camp David Accords in Washington, D.C. Egypt and Israel had been in a state of war. The Camp David Accords led to a formal peace treaty signed between the two nations in 1979. And Sadat and Begin received the 1978 Nobel Peace Prize for their efforts. Every American president since has launched their own Middle East peace efforts. In the Trump administration's approach, Kushner and Greenblatt will bring their business experience to the negotiating table. A spokesman for Kushner recently told Politico he had the president's goals in mind as he put together his team. "Jared brought in people he trusts, and they are embracing the fact that they are not career diplomats but great listeners with deal-making experience who can try a new approach." Guy Ziv is a professor at American University and an expert in Israeli-Palestinian relations. He says the Trump administration's approach is much different than past efforts. "It's different in the sense that Trump has assigned the most difficult, the most intractable conflict to individuals with next to no experience and very little knowledge on the issues." Trump has said that he considers a possible peace agreement between Israel and the Palestinians "the ultimate deal." He made a visit to the region last month. He appeared to have started a good working relationship with both sides.
U.S. President Donald Trump (L) and Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas shake hands before beginning their meeting at the Presidential Palace in the West Bank city of Bethlehem, May 23, 2017.
U.S. President Donald Trump (L) and Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas shake hands before beginning their meeting at the Presidential Palace in the West Bank city of Bethlehem, May 23, 2017.
Many issues have prevented a peace agreement. Among them are disputes over borders and competing claims to Jerusalem. Others include the future of millions of displaced Palestinians and demands for more economic opportunities for Palestinians. Ziv says he does not agree with the argument that, since previous negotiations by experienced diplomats have not led to an agreement, a completely new approach is needed. "I'm very skeptical in this regard because we're dealing, as I said, with some of the most difficult, complex issues that take years to learn. And they're getting a crash course on something that takes years to learn." He added that when it comes to actual policy, not much has changed from the Obama administration. "Despite all the rhetoric, we are not seeing a different approach on any of the specifics. The (American) embassy (in Tel Aviv) is not being relocated (to Jerusalem). The administration is maintaining longstanding U.S. support for a two-state solution." The two-state solution would create an independent Palestinian state to exist alongside Israel. Ziv added that the Trump administration is also expressing opposition to new Jewish settlements in the West Bank. This issue has long been a major dispute between the two sides. Shortly before Kushner arrived in Israel, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu tweeted a photo of construction work being done on a new settlement. Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas called the move a "serious escalation" designed to set back peace efforts. During his trip, Kushner first met in Jerusalem with Netanyahu, who is a friend of his father's. He then held talks with Abbas in the West Bank city of Ramallah. After the talks, the White House said in statement that Netanyahu and Abbas had "reaffirmed their commitment" to the goal of getting a lasting peace agreement. However, the statement also said that establishing peace "will take time." It added that U.S. officials urged both sides to do "everything possible to create an environment conducive to peacemaking." Professor Ziv said he believes the only way a peace agreement will have a chance is if the Trump administration is willing to put pressure on both sides. "Without a massive amount of pressure at the highest level, I don't think you're going to see any progress on the Israeli-Palestinian front." I'm Bryan Lynn. And I'm Caty Weaver. Bryan Lynn wrote this story for VOA Learning English, based on reports from VOA News, the Associated Press and Reuters. Ashley Thompson was the editor. We want to hear from you. Write to us in the Comments section, and visit 51VOA.COM. ________________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

framework – n. basic structure of something approach n. way of doing something embracev. gladly accept something intractableadj. not easily managed opportunity n. chance to do something crash coursen. class in which a lot of information is taught in a very short period of time rhetoric – language intended to influence people escalation n. a rise or increase in activity forge v. create something conducive adj. make something possible of likely to happen massive adj. large amount
mr007